Enforcement of drunken driving laws in cases involving injured intoxicated drivers.
Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. Annual meeting. Toronto ON CAN, 1992/05.
To determine the frequency of driving while impaired (DWI) charges among alcohol-intoxicated drivers injured in motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) and any differences in the group of those charged compared with those not charged.
We performed a retrospective analysis of linked data from medical and judicial sources.
Our setting was an urban emergency department of a trauma center serving a population of 1 million.
We studied consecutive drivers injured in MVCs over a period of 15 months who had measured serum ethanol (BAC) levels of 100 mg/dL or higher.
BAC, Trauma Score (TS), demographics, and crash data were linked to court records of charges, outcome, and prior convictions.
The group of individuals who were charged with DWI were compared with those who were not charged.
One hundred eighty-seven patients were studied ; 53 (28%) were charged with DWI, and 32 (17% of total) were convicted.
Two (7%) of 29 patients with severe injuries, 9 (28%) of 32 with moderate injuries, and 42 (33%) of 126 with nonsevere injuries were charged (P=004).
Eighteen (16%) of 112 patients with no prior convictions were charged ; 20 (56%) of 36 patients with one, 11 (52%) of 21 with two, 3 (25%) of 12 with three, and 0 of 5 with four or more prior DWI convictions were charged (P<. 001).
There were no significant differences in BAC, demographics, or other measures between the two groups.
Alcohol-impaired drivers who require ED treatmen...
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Boisson alcoolisée, Consommation alimentaire, Conduite véhicule, Accident circulation, Alcoolémie, Prévention, Législation, Homme, Aspect juridique, Renforcement, Amende
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Alcoholic beverage, Food intake, Vehicle driving, Traffic accident, Alcoholemia, Prevention, Legislation, Human, Legal aspect, Reinforcement
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0095182
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 199608.