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  1. Woodsmoke exposure and risk for obstructive airways disease among women.

    Article - En anglais


    To investigate if exposure to firewood smoke and other indoor pollutants is a potential risk factor for obstructive airways disease (OAD) among women in Bogota in whom cigarette smoking and other known risk factors may not be the most frequent.

    Design and setting 

    We conducted a hospital-based case-control study to identify risk factors for OAD among women in Bogota.

    An interview was conducted using a modified questionnaire recommended by the American Thoracic Society for epidemiologic studies.


    We compared 104 OAD cases with 104 controls matched by hospital and frequency matched by age.

    Analysis : The odds ratio (OR) was used as the basic statistic to evaluate risk.

    Multivariate analysis (MA) was conducted by the Mantel-Haenszel procedure and by logistic regression.

    Main results 

    Univariate analysis showed that tobacco use (OR=2.22 ; p<0.01), wood use for cooking (OR=3.43 ; p<0.001), passive smoking (OR=2.05 ; p=0.01), and gasoline use for cooking (OR=0.52 ; p=0.02) were associated with OAD.

    Trends for years of tobacco use and years of wood cooking were present (p<0.05).

    After MA, variables remained significant except gasoline use.


    This study showed that among elderly women of low socioeconomic status in Bogota, wood-smoke exposure is associated with the development of OAD and may help explain around 50% of all OAD cases.

    The role of passive smoking remains to be clarified.

    This work may set the basis for intervention...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Chronique, Homme, Femelle, Colombie, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Polluant, Bois, Fumée, Tabagisme, A domicile, Environnement, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Bronche pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obstructive pulmonary disease, Chronic, Human, Female, Colombia, South America, America, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Pollutant, Wood, Fumes, Tobacco smoking, At home, Environment, Respiratory disease, Lung disease, Bronchus disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0092209

    Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 199608.