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  1. Sexually transmitted disease, human immunodeficiency virus, and pregnancy prevention : combined contraceptive practices amons urban African-American early adolescents.

    Article - En anglais


    To evaluate the success of efforts to educate youth not only to use prescription contraceptives to avoid pregnancy, but also to use condoms to avoid sexually transmitted diseases, including infection with the human immunodeficiency virus.


    Longitudinal study of 383 African-American youth aged 9 to 15 years enrolled in a randomized, controlled trial of an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) risk reduction intervention.

    Data about contraceptive practices were obtained at baseline and 6,12, and 18 months later using a culturally and developmentally appropriate risk assessment tool administered with « talking » computers (Macintosh, Apple Computer Inc, Cupertino, Calif).


    Approximately three fourths of sexually active youth used some form of contraception in each 6-month round, with almost half of the youth using combinations of contraceptives.

    Among all youth at baseline and among control youth throughout the study, more than half used condoms and more than two thirds who used oral contraceptives also used condoms.

    Receipt of an AIDS education intervention was associated with use of more effective contraceptive practices (eg, condoms and another prescription or nonprescription method of birth control).

    After receiving the intervention, more than 80% of the youth who used oral contraceptives also used condoms.

    Contraceptive practices showed considerable stability.

    Knowledge about AIDS was positively associated with use of mor...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Virus immunodéficience humaine, Transmission homme homme, Condom, SIDA, Education sanitaire, Evaluation performance, Prévention, Adolescent, Programme éducatif, Gestation, Noir américain, Contraception, Pauvreté, Etude longitudinale, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Comportement, Contraceptif, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Virose, Infection, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human immunodeficiency virus, Transmission from man to man, Condom, AIDS, Health education, Performance evaluation, Prevention, Adolescent, Educational schedule, Pregnancy, Black American, Contraception, Poverty, Follow up study, Sexually transmitted disease, Behavior, Contraceptive, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0090484

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 199608.