This paper gives a historical, international and cultural outlook on the debate related to the 1982 legalization of abortion in the modern democratic republic of Turkey.
A belief that the country is under-populated and subsequent pro-natalist concerns of the turn of the century seem to have strongly influenced the legal prohibition of abortion.
The paper first discusses the widespread social practice and the permissive attitudes towards abortion in the late Ottoman Empire and in contemporary Turkey.
The contrast between the above social situation and until recently the strict, non-permissive religious and secular attitudes are presented with a discussion of the effects of the westernization and secularization processes in the late Ottoman Empire.
Moral concerns and judgements regarding abortion seem to have penetrated Ottoman society as part of the above processes beginning in the nineteenth century.
The present day official religious interpretations seem to conform with the more conservative Islamic schools of thought rather than the more liberal Islamic interpretations.
Furthermore, the 1982 laws which legalize abortion until the eighth week of pregnancy consider family planning to be a family issue and bring the restriction of making married women have their husband's permission before preceding with abortion.
As such, the present legal platform opens to question the rationales and population control motives behind the law and the importance of who it i...
Mots-clés Pascal : Avortement provoqué, Femme, Perception sociale, Attitude, Milieu culturel, Législation, Prise décision, Historique, Turquie, Homme, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Induced abortion, Woman, Social perception, Attitude, Cultural environment, Legislation, Decision making, Case history, Turkey, Human, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0089206
Code Inist : 002B20A03. Création : 199608.