Use of deprivation indices in small area studies of environment and health. Workshop. GBR, 1994/09/23.
To examine the use of deprivation indices in relation to health.
This paper reviews selected publications which illustrate the diversity of use of deprivation indices in the past decade.
Most of this work is based in the major routine databases which exist in this country : the census, population, mortality, cancer register, and health service records all now incorporate a postcode identifier which permits the derivation of data at small area level, and thus the examination of health events in relation to the characteristics of that area - usually ward or postcode sector.
The small area approach provides a valuable tool both in deprivation and in other epidemiological studies which examine the influence of the environment on health.
The setting is various journals and official publications.
The link between deprivation and health has been clearly demonstrated in a number of studies, with populations living in deprived areas exhibiting levels of mortality, particularly below the age of 65, which vastly exceed those in affluent areas.
In the decade 1981-91, these differentials increased in Scotland and the Northern Health Region and inequalities in health are shown to have widened.
Analysis shows that particular causes of death and sites of cancer are more likely to reflect the influence of socioeconomic factors.
The work so far mostly shows the associations between these factors and health measures and mor...
Mots-clés Pascal : Analyse statistique, Echelle petite, Pauvreté, Indicateur, Statut socioéconomique, Etat sanitaire, Santé, Article synthèse, Epidémiologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Statistical analysis, Small scale, Poverty, Indicator, Socioeconomic status, Health status, Health, Review, Epidemiology, Human
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0088531
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 199608.