The « Wash-off » scenario is designed to test models concerned with the movement of trace contaminants from terrestrial sources to bodies of water, specifically the contamination of surface water by wash-off of radionuclides initially deposited onto soils.
Particular emphasis is placed on chemical speciation and on the geochemical and geophysical processes affecting transfer of contaminants from soil to water.
The scenario gives descriptions of two experimental plots near the Chernobyl power plant, one using heavy rain and one using snow melt, together with characteristics of the initial aerial deposition of the radionuclides and data on topography, soil type and characteristics, and time-varying precipitation.
Predictions are requested for (1) the vertical distribution of concentrations of exchangeable and nonexchangeable forms of 137Cs and 90Sr in the soil of the experimental plots, (2) concentrations of 137Cs and 90Sr in runoff water from the experimental plots, and (3) total amounts of 137Cs and 90Sr removed by runoff from the experimental plots.
Test data (field measurements) are available for all endpoints.
Mots-clés Pascal : Radiocontamination, Modélisation, Evaluation, Contaminant, Eau, Sol, Césium, Strontium, Environnement, Chernobyl
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Radioactive contamination, Modeling, Evaluation, Contaminant, Water, Soils, Cesium, Strontium, Environment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0088092
Code Inist : 002B03M01. Création : 199608.