The authors assessed the reliability of alcohol intake as recalled from 10 years in the past in a cohort of 2,907 US adults.
Participants reported their drinking habits in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey interview during 1971-1975.
During a follow-up interview in 1982-1984, they were asked to recall their drinking habits 10 years earlier and to report their current habits.
In general, the correlation for recalled alcohol intake versus reported intake at baseline was good (r=0.7).
For all subgroups stratified by race, sex, education, smoking status, and disease status, the age-adjusted correlations for recalled alcohol intake versus baseline intake were equal to or higher than those for current alcohol intake versus baseline intake.
The reliability of recall of alcohol intake in the past differs among subgroups with different age and education levels.
Recalled alcohol intake was also highly correlated with current alcohol intake ; in particular, current heavier drinkers tended to underestimate their previous amount of drinking, an effect that was independent of other factors.
These data suggest that although recalled alcohol intake is a better predictor of past intake than are reports of current intake, current drinking habits may be an important influencing factor in the estimation of alcohol intake as recalled from the distant past.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Ethanol, Boisson alcoolisée, Rappel, Fidélité test, Epidémiologie, Biais méthodologique, Adulte, Etats Unis, Méthode étude, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Ethanol, Alcoholic beverage, Recall, Test reliability, Epidemiology, Methodological bias, Adult, United States, Investigation method, Human, North America, America
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0086494
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 199608.