Work activities and musculoskeletal complaints among preschool workers.
The potential for musculoskeletal trauma among preschool workers has been largely unexplored in the United States.
This case report describes an investigation conducted to identify and evaluate possible causes of back and lower extremity pain among 22 workers at a Montessori day care facility.
Investigators met with and distributed a questionnaire to school employees, and made measurements of workstation and furniture dimensions.
Investigators also recorded the normal work activities of school employees on videotape, and performed a work sampling study to estimate the percentage of time employees spend performing various tasks and in certain postures.
Questionnaire results from 18 employees indicated that back pain/discomfort was a common musculoskeletal complaint, reported by 61% of respondents.
Neck/shoulder pain, lower extremity pain and hand/wrist pain were reported by 33,33 and 11% of respondents, respectively.
Observation and analysis of work activities indicated that employees spend significant periods of time kneeling, sitting on the floor, squatting, or bending at the waist.
Furthermore, staff members who work with smaller children (i.e. six weeks to 18 months of age) performed more lifts and assumed more awkward lower extremity postures than employees who work with older children (3-4 years of age).
Analysis of two lifting tasks using the revised NIOSH lifting equation indicated that employees who handle small children may be at increased risk of...
Mots-clés Pascal : Enseignant, Ecole maternelle, Condition travail, Charge travail, Posture, Plainte somatique, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Analyse travail, Médecine travail, Adulte, Homme, Educateur, Enseignement préscolaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Teacher, Nursery school, Working condition, Workload, Posture, Somatic complaint, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Job analysis, Occupational medicine, Adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0080752
Code Inist : 002A26K04. Création : 199608.