Changing prevalence of coronary heart disease risk factors and cardiovascular diseases in men of a rural area of Crete from 1960 to 1991.
This study compares the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD), risk factors (RF), and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among Cretan men from a rural area examined in 1960 and 1991.
The study population consisted of 148 men in 1960 and 42 men in 1991 of the same age group (fifty-five to fifty-nine years old) and from the same rural area.
All men had a complete examination of the cardiovascular system and a resting electrocardiogram (ECG).
Systolic BP (SBP) = 140 mmHg was found in 42.6% of the subjects in 1960 and in 45.2% in 1991 (NS).
Diastolic BP = 95 mmHg was found in 14.9% of the subjects in 1960 as opposed to 33.3% in 1991 (P<0.02).
Total serum cholesterol (TSCH) = 260 mg/dL 6.7 mmol/L) was found in 12.8% of the subjects in 1960 and in 28.6% in 1991 (P<0.01).
Heavy smokers (= 20 cigarettes/daily) were 27.0% in 1960 as compared with 35.7% in 1991 (P : NS) ; 5.4% of the subjects in 1960 had light physical activity (PA) as compared with 14.3% in 1991 (P<0.01) ; 74.7% of the subjects were farmers in 1960 as compared with 43.6% in 1991 (P<0.1).
The prevalence of CHD was 0.7% in 1960 as compared with 9.5% in 1991 (P<0.001).
Hypertensive heart disase was found in 3.4% of the subjects in 1960 and 4.8% in 1991 (NS).
The prevalence of all major CVD was much higher in 1991 (19.1%) as compared with 1960 (8.8%) (P<0.01).
In conclusion, the prevalence of CHD RF and CVD was much higher in 1991 than in 1960 for Cretan men of the same age group.
This higher prevalenc...
Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie coronaire, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Crête, Facteur risque, Milieu rural, Evolution, Homme, Mâle, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Coronary heart disease, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Crest, Risk factor, Rural environment, Evolution, Human, Male, Cardiovascular disease
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0077194
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 199608.