When it appeared in the 1980s, crack was thought to represent a completely new pathway of entry into drug use.
Our objective was to identify the distinguishing characteristics of adolescents who have reached different stages of drug use, in particular the highest state represented by crack.
Adolescents (N=7611) representative of students in grades 7 to 12 from 53 New York state schools were classified in the following six mutually exclusive, cumulative categories of drug use :
alcohol and/or cigarette users only ;
marijuana users only ;
users of illicit drugs other than marijuana but neither cocaine nor crack ;
cocaine but not crack users ;
and crack users.
The groups were compared in level of psychosocial functioning. results : Students who use illicit drugs show deficits in school performance, quality of family relationships, and health and increased psychological symptoms.
Compared with nonusers, they are more delinquent and more actively involved with their peers and live in social environments in which the perceived use of drugs by other adolescents and parents is more extensive.
Delinquency and extent of perceived drug use consistently increase with each higher stage of use.
Crack users exhibit the lowest level of psychosocial functioning of any drug-using group.
There are stage-specific characteristics and common characteristics (delinquent participation, peer drug use) throughout the developmental seq...
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Cocaïne, Adolescent, Homme, Stade clinique, Etude comparative, Comportement social, Interaction sociale, Symptomatologie, Environnement social, Délinquance juvénile, Trouble comportement social, Enquête, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Crack
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Cocaine, Adolescent, Human, Clinical stage, Comparative study, Social behavior, Social interaction, Symptomatology, Social environment, Juvenile delinquency, Social behavior disorder, Inquiry, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0076497
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 199608.