Epidemiologic evidence of associations between the high intake of fat and low intake of dietary fiber, beta carotene, and other dietary constituents and the risk of colorectal neoplasia has been inconsistent and has not provided a sufficient basis for recommendations concerning the dietary prevention of large-bowel cancer in humans.
We conducted a clinical trial to assess the effects on the incidence of adenomas of reducing dietary fat to 25% of total calories and supplementing the diet with 25 g of wheat bran daily and a capsule of beta carotene (20 mg daily).
We performed a randomized, partially double-blinded, placebo-controlled factorial trial in which half the patients were assigned to each intervention, resulting in seven intervention groups and one control group.
Eligibility criteria included histologic confirmation of at least one colorectal adenoma and confidence expressed by the colonoscopist that all polyps had been removed.
Dietary changes were individually initiated and monitored by dietitians and research nurses.
At surveillance colonoscopy, the size and location of all polyps were recorded, and their histology was later centrally reviewed.
Among 424 patients who were randomly assigned in the trial, 13 were found to be ineligible upon histologic review.
Among the remaining 411, complete outcome data were collected from 390 at 24 months and from 306 at 48 months.
All P values are from two-sided tests of statist...
Mots-clés Pascal : Adénome, Côlon, Rectum, Prévention, Homme, Régime alimentaire, Lipide, Fibre alimentaire, bêta-Carotène, Essai clinique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Côlon pathologie, Rectum pathologie, Tumeur bénigne, Caroténoïde
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Adenoma, Colon, Rectum, Prevention, Human, Diet, Lipids, Dietary fiber, Clinical trial, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Colonic disease, Rectal disease, Benign neoplasm, Carotenoid
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0073890
Code Inist : 002B13B01. Création : 199608.