In order to test the hypothesis that the establishment of a centralized electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) consultation service would affect ECT use at a university teaching hospital, we retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients who received ECT during two 12-month periods preceding and following the institution of a comprehensive ECT consultation service.
Data regarding ECT usage, including utilization, types of patients treated, and lengths of stay, were obtained.
Patients treated after the institution of a comprehensive ECT consultation service received ECT with less delay, were discharged more quickly after the conclusion of ECT treatment, and had shorter lengths of stay compared with patients who received treatment before the initiation of the service.
Following the establishment of the ECT service, the absolute number of patients who received ECT increased, although the rate of ECT use did not change.
These findings suggest that the establishment of a comprehensive ECT consultation service may lead to more efficient use of this important treatment in university hospitals and to more cost-effective treatment of some patients with major depression.
Additional research is necessary to explore the generalizability of these findings to other treatment settings.
Mots-clés Pascal : Electroconvulsivothérapie, Traitement, Prescription médicale, Utilisation, Service hospitalier, Organisation santé, Organisation hospitalière, Consultation, Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur, Homme, Santé mentale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Electroconvulsive therapy, Treatment, Medical prescription, Use, Hospital ward, Public health organization, Hospital organization, Consultation, Depression, Mood disorder, Human, Mental health
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0066304
Code Inist : 002B18I01. Création : 199608.