Occupational injuries in a poor inner-city population.
This study aims to characterize occupational injuries in a defined poor inner-city population in terms of demographic features, types, and circumstances of injuries, and medical and financial consequences.
It is a case series drawn from a larger population-based injury registry in emergency departments that serve 17 poor census tracts in Philadelphia.
Of 335 patients from the study area who had been treated at the emergency departments under study for occupational injuries, 107 could be contacted by telephone 2 to 3 years after their injuries.
Interviews sought information on the patients, their employment, their injuries, and the consequences.
Respondents were almost all African-American, approximately 50% male, and had a median age of 32.
Approximately one third were employed in the health care industry, one fourth in the service sector (including conventional service firms, restaurants, and hotels), and the remainder in construction, retail and wholesale trade, education, transportation, and manufacturing.
Major causes of injuries included overexertion, contact with sharp objects, and falls.
Major types on injuries included sprain/strains and lacerations.
Approximately half the respondents had missed more than 3 days of work, with 15% missing more than 1 month.
Almost 40% of respondents reported persistent health problems after their injuries.
Only about one quarter had received workers'compensation.
We conclude that poor and minority workers are at ris...
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Exposition professionnelle, Accident travail, Homme, Pauvreté, Minorité, Risque, Industrie, Activité professionnelle, Coût social, Epidémiologie, Urgence, Médecine travail, Pennsylvanie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Occupational exposure, Occupational accident, Human, Poverty, Minority, Risk, Industry, Professional activity, Social cost, Epidemiology, Emergency, Occupational medicine, Pennsylvania, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0065881
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 199608.