To estimate the prevalence of active pulmonary tuberculosis in a homeless population in London and to assess whether those with suspected disease could be integrated into the existing health care system for further follow up and treatment.
Voluntary screening programme based on a questionnaire survey and chest x ray.
Screening programmes were set up over the Christmas period in 1992 and 1993 at a shelter for the homeless in London.
An offer of screening was made to all individuals who visited the centre and an interviewer administered questionnaire was completed on those who volunteered for the screening.
Chest x rays were carried out, developed, and read on site.
Individuals with chest x ray features suggestive of tuberculosis or other medical problems were referred to a hospital of their choice.
In 1992 nearly 1600 people visited the centre, of whom 372 volunteered for the screening and 342 were x rayed.
Nineteen of the 342 (5.6%) had radiological features suggestive of active tuberculosis.
In 1993 around 2000 homeless people visited the centre, of whom 270 volunteered for the screening and 253 were x rayed.
Eleven (4.3%) had features consistent with active tuberculosis on the basis ofthe chest x rays and clinical examination by a chest physician.
Overall, of 595 people x rayed in the two surveys, 30 (5%) had changes suggestive of active tuberculosis.
Further investigations confirmed ni...
Mots-clés Pascal : Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme, Sans domicile fixe, Programme sanitaire, Dépistage, Exploration radiologique, Rayon X, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Centre accueil
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human, Homeless, Sanitary program, Medical screening, Radiologic investigation, X ray, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Respiratory disease, Lung disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0064835
Code Inist : 002B05B02E. Création : 199608.