logo BDSP

Base documentaire


  1. Children with low birth weight and low gestational age in Oslo, Norway : immigration is not the cause of increasing proportions.

    Article - En anglais

    Study objective

    To determine the influence of children born to immigrant mothers on the total proportions of low birth weight and preterm deliveries in Oslo and to explain the increases in the proportions of children with low birth weight and low gestational age since 1980-82.

    Design

    This was a cross sectional study based on Norwegian Medical Birth Registry data and information on mothers'country of birth from the Central Bureau of Statistics.

    Setting

    Oslo, Norway 1968-91.

    Population - All births in Oslo between 1968 and 1991 (n=146 133).

    Main results

    The observed increased proportion of children with low birth weight and low gestational age born after 1980-82 is not the result of an increased proportion of children born to immigrant women.

    Caesarean section rates have increased dramatically and the higher proportions of children with low birth weight and gestational age may be explained by this.

    Conclusions

    Wide use of caesarean section probably results in more children of low birth weight and low gestational age as an iatrogenic effect.

    The trend in the proportion of children with low birth weight and low gestational age is not correlated to perinatal mortality after 1982.

    Using proportions of low birth weight and gestational age as indicators of a nation's child health status may therefore be misleading in countries with high rates of caesarean section.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Poids naissance faible, Age gestation, Nourrisson, Homme, Epidémiologie, Immigrant, Césarienne, Parité, Age mère, Norvège, Europe, Facteur risque, Gestation pathologie, Prématurité, Nouveau né pathologie, Chirurgie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Low birth weight, Gestational age, Infant, Human, Epidemiology, Immigrant, Cesarean section, Parity, Maternal age, Norway, Europe, Risk factor, Pregnancy disorders, Prematurity, Newborn diseases, Surgery

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0064828

    Code Inist : 002B20G03. Création : 199608.