Stress, social support, and stopping smoking after myocardial infarction in England.
To examine the effect on mortality of stopping smoking after myocardial infarction and the psychosocial factors that influence the decision to stop.
Analysis of smokers in a large prospective study.
Self completed questionnaires provided information on psychosocial factors.
Coronary care units at six English hospitals participating in a multicentre clinical trial.
These comprised consenting myocardial infarction survivors who had been identified as smokers and who completed questionnaires within seven days of infarct at six hospitals participating in the Anglo-Scandinavian study of early thrombolysis.
The 532 patients identified have been followed for over five and a halfyears.
The main outcome measure was five year all cause mortality.
Smokers who stopped within one month showed significantly reduced mortality compared with those who persisted, adjusting for other prognostic indicators (odds ratio 0.56,95% confidence interval 0.33,0.98).
Overall, 74% stopped smoking.
Being married, low life stress levels before infarct, and higher social class were associated with stopping smoking but the differentials were small.
Of the clinical variables, a final diagnosis of definite myocardial infarction was associated with stopping smoking.
All associations remained after multiple logistic regression.
Smoking cessation can halve the smokers'odds of dying after myocardial infarction and psych...
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Sevrage toxique, Homme, Infarctus, Myocarde, Mortalité, Stress, Support social, Statut socioéconomique, Prise décision, Royaume Uni, Europe, Cardiopathie coronaire, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Poison withdrawal, Human, Infarct, Myocardium, Mortality, Stress, Social support, Socioeconomic status, Decision making, United Kingdom, Europe, Coronary heart disease, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0064827
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 199608.