This paper projects the consequences of modifying or eliminating the current national alcohol retail monopolies in Sweden, Norway and Finland as a possible result of those countries'membership in the European Union (EU).
First, the authors project absolute alcohol consumption in each country based on different possible changes in alcohol price and availability.
Then they predict the future levels of alcohol-related problems likely to result from increased per capita alcohol consumption (Sweden and Norway only).
All of the scenarios examined in this paper are expected to lead to increases in per capita alcohol consumption.
The smallest increase in consumption would result from a partial elimination of the current monopoly and a modest reduction in alcohol prices.
In that case, projected per capita consumption in Sweden for inhabitants 15 years and older would rise from 6.3 to 9.3 litres ; in Norway, from 4. 7 to 6. 7 litres ; and in Finland, from 8.4 to 11.1 litres.
The greatest projected increase in consumption would result from a complete elimination of the state monopolies such that all beer, wine and spirits were sold in food shops, grocery stores and gasoline stations, along with a substantial drop in alcohol prices as a result of private competition within each country and increased cross-border alcohol purchases.
Mots-clés Pascal : Vente, Boisson alcoolisée, Politique commerciale, Pays Scandinaves, Etude transculturelle, Secteur public, Changement social, Union européenne, Evolution, Taux, Consommation, Facteur risque, Accessibilité, Prix vente, Complication, Homme, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sales, Alcoholic beverage, Marketing policy, Scandinavia, Crosscultural study, Public sector, Social change, European Union, Evolution, Rate, Consumption, Risk factor, Accessibility, Selling price, Complication, Human, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0054795
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 199608.