International comparison of the community prevalence of symptoms of prostatism in four countries.
We conducted an international comparison of the prevalence of urinary symptoms of prostatism in 4 countries, using a community-based random sampling of subjects, similar study procedures, and a single definition of cases that was based on a standardized symptom questionnaire.
In Scotland 1,994 medically eligible men aged 40-79 years agreed to participate from 3 communities of the Forth Valley.
In France, a nation-wide survey was conducted cross-sectionally in a representative sample of 2,011 French men aged 50-84 years.
In the USA, the Olmsted County (OC) study recruited an age-and urban/rural-stratified random sample of 2,115 county residents drawn from medically eligible men aged 40-79 years.
In Japan, 290 men aged 40-79 years from a fishing village participated in the study.
Response rates were 55,53,55, and 43% in Scotland, France, OC and Japan, respectively.
Urinary symptoms were assessed by the Intemational Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS), after metrologic validation in English and cross-cultural adaptation of the questionnaire.
The prevalence of moderate to severe symptoms (I-PSS>7) were 14,18,38, and 56% in France, Scotland, OC and Japan, respectively.
This pattem was consistent within decades of age, and was found for most of the individual urinary symptoms.
The proportion of men in Japan reporting very low I-PSS (0 or 1) was approximately 2,4 and 8 times less frequent, than in OC, Scotland, and France, respectively.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prostatisme, Adénome, Prostate, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Exploration, Adulte, Homme, Mâle, France, Europe, Japon, Asie, Ecosse, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Etude comparative, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Appareil génital mâle pathologie, Prostate pathologie, Tumeur bénigne, Urodynamique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prostatism, Adenoma, Prostate, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Exploration, Adult, Human, Male, France, Europe, Japan, Asia, Scotland, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Comparative study, Urinary system disease, Male genital diseases, Prostate disease, Benign neoplasm, Urodynamics
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0052538
Code Inist : 002B14D02. Création : 199608.