To study changes in the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease after a five year population-wide intervention programme promoting a healthy lifestyle in a developing country.
Design-Cross sectional cluster surveys in 1987 and 1992.
Methodology included a two hour 75 g oral glucose tolerance test, measurement of body mass index, waist : hip ratio, basal lipid concentrations, and blood pressure ; and a lifestyle questionnaire.
Subjects-All adults aged 25-74 years residing in geographically defined clusters.
Main outcome measures-Age standardised prevalence of categorical disease and risk factor conditions and mean levels and frequency distributions of continuous variables.
The prevalence of overweight or obesity increased, and the rates of glucose intolerance changed little.
The population frequency distributions of blood pressure, serum lipid concentration, and a composite risk factor score shifted advantageously.
Conclusions-Lifestyle intervention projects can be implemented and have positive effects in developing countries.
A pronounced improvement in the population lipid profile in Mauritius was probably related to a change in the saturated fat content of a widely used cooking oil.
Mots-clés Pascal : Campagne de masse, Sensibilisation, Prévention, Facteur risque, Cardiopathie, Athérosclérose, Exploration clinique, Mode de vie, Exploration microbiologique, Evolution, Etude statistique, Homme, Ile Maurice, Iles Océan Indien, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mass campaign, Sensitization, Prevention, Risk factor, Heart disease, Atherosclerosis, Clinical investigation, Life habit, Microbiological investigation, Evolution, Statistical study, Human, Mauritius, Indian Ocean Islands, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0041202
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 01/03/1996.