Short-term effects of air pollution on hospital emergency outpatient visits and admissions in the greater Athens, Greece area.
The short-term effects of air pollution on morbidity in the Athens population were studied.
Data were collected on the daily number of emergency outpatient visits and admissions for cardiac and respiratory causes (diagnoses at time of admission) to all major hospitals in the greater Athens area during 1988.
Measurements of air pollution made by the Ministry of the Environment monitoring network included values for smoke, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen dioxide.
Statistical analysis was done using multiple linear regression models controlling for potential confounding effects of meteorological and chronological variables, separately for winter (1/1-3/21 and 9/22-12/31) and summer (3/22-9/21).
It was found that the daily number of emergency visits was related positively with the levels of air pollution, but this association did not reach the nominal level of statisical significance for most pollutants.
The number of emergency admissions for cardiac and respiratory causes was related to a statistically significant degree with all indices of air pollution during the winter.
The results of the present study indicate that air pollution in the Athens area has short-term effects on morbidity in the population.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution air, Toxicité, Homme, Court terme, Morbidité, Milieu urbain, Grèce, Europe, Admission hôpital, Ambulatoire, Epidémiologie, Analyse statistique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Air pollution, Toxicity, Human, Short term, Morbidity, Urban environment, Greece, Europe, Hospital admission, Ambulatory, Epidemiology, Statistical analysis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0039378
Code Inist : 002B03M02. Création : 01/03/1996.