Traduction en anglais : What medical practitioners should know abaut [about] caries prevention.
Several factors govern the development of human dental caries.
The actual caries incidence in children depends greatly on fluoride consumption, reduction of fermentable sugar intake, dental health habits and regular dental check-ups.
A significant reduction of dental caries in children and young adults is chieved in many countries following these principles.
However, there remains a group of people, ablut 25%, with a particularly high incidence of caries.
Today, efforts are directed at detecting these risk subjects.
Mutans streptococci and lactobacilli are the main causative bacteria of human dental caries.
The higher the level of S. mutans in the maternal saliva, the more likely is the colonisation of primary dentition by cariogenic bacteria.
The earlier the colonisation, the higher the incidence of caries.
Today we have new diagnostic aids : Simple microbiological tests to detect the individuals with high salivary levels of these cariogenic bacteria, so called SM-millionaires.
The tests are also a good educational aid for motivating patients to individual prophylaxis.
What could a paediatrician or gynaecologist do to help the dentist ?
He could inform the parents early enough to avoid saliva contacts.
For example, the mother should not take the childs spoon or pacifier in her mouth.
The dentist meets the children much later, at an age where they already have caries.
The other methods, mentioned at the begin, are also still valuable.
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecin, Rôle professionnel, Prévention, Carie dentaire, Enfant, Nourrisson, Education sanitaire, Personnel sanitaire, Allemagne, Homme, Europe, Stomatologie, Dent pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physician, Occupational role, Prevention, Dental carie, Child, Infant, Health education, Health staff, Germany, Human, Europe, Stomatology, Dental disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0036379
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 01/03/1996.