The prevalence of diarrhoea and especially the pattern of diarrhoea therapy in Saudi children under 5 years were studied as a part of the Maternal and Child Health Survey during 1991.
A statistically representative sample of over 6300 mothers, from all over the country was interviewed by trained nurses.
There were 3.8 episodes of diarrhoea per child under 5 per year.
For treating diarrhoea, ORS, salt-sugar solution (SSS), other available solutions, intravenous fluid and various drugs were the therapeutic agents.
In 73 per cent of cases ORS, nearly 3 per cent SSS, 33 per cent other solutions and in over 4 per cent intravenous fluid were used.
Anti-diarrhoeal drugs and antibiotics were used in over 40 per cent of cases.
Over 9 per cent of cases did not use any treatment.
Young mothers used ORS at a higher rate (84 per cent) for their children compared to the average for all (73 per cent).
Children of illiterate parents used ORS at a higher rate than children of literate parents.
In urban area, the use-rate was lower (68 per cent) than in rural area (80 per cent).
The regional use-rates were almost similar excepting a higher rate in the northern area.
The use-rate of drugs was similar to other countries.
For improving and sustaining this high ORS use rate, and for lowering the percentage of drug-use, regular training of health personnel, health education of parents, and regular sensitization of the people through popular media are most essential.
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Traitement, Nourrisson, Homme, Enfant, Article synthèse, Arabie Saoudite, Asie, Soluté, Réhydratation, Voie orale, Voie entérale, Diarrhée
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Treatment, Infant, Human, Child, Review, Saudi Arabia, Asia, Solutes, Rehydration, Oral administration, Enteral administration, Diarrhea
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0032814
Code Inist : 002B27B07. Création : 01/03/1996.