To confirm occupational asthma caused by clam and shrimp in a food company worker, the following investigation was planned in 60 other exposed workers (56 participants).
Before the production period of clam and shrimp, a medical and occupational questionnaire was carried out and skin and RAST testing were done with common inhalants and clam, shrimp, crab, and lobster extracts.
During the production period, environmental monitoring was performed with personal and general samplers ; inhalation testing with methacholine was proposed to subjects with immediate skin reactivity to clam, shrimp, or both.
After the production period, all subjects with an immediate skin reaction to clam, shrimp, or both and either a history of rhinoconjunctivitis, asthma, or bronchial hyperresponsiveness were seen by a specialist.
By including the initial subject, the prevalence of immediate sensitization is 5% to 7% to clam and 14% to 16% to shrimp.
Two (4%) subjects had occupational asthma caused by clam, and one (2%) had occupational asthma caused by shrimp.
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Allergie, Maladie professionnelle, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Crevette, Macrura, Decapoda, Crustacea, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Palourde, Bivalvia, Mollusca, Hypersensibilité immédiate, Crustacé comestible, Prévalence, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Médecine travail, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Allergy, Occupational disease, Canada, North America, America, Prawn, Macrura, Decapoda, Crustacea, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Carpet shell, Bivalvia, Mollusca, Immediate hypersensitivity, Edible crustacean, Prevalence, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Occupational medicine, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0032091
Code Inist : 002B06C02. Création : 01/03/1996.