TO ASSESS THE understanding of safer sex among heterosexual adults, people enrolled in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) education trials at a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic and a university student health service were surveyed concerning sexual behavior with their latest reported partner.
Of 646 sexually active persons enrolled in the trials, 233 (36 percent) reported having had safer sex with their latest partner ; 124 of them (53 percent) also reported having vaginal or anal intercourse without a condom during that sexual encounter.
Among the 124 who reported safer sex despite having intercourse without a condom, only 23 percent reported asking partners about their HIV status, 46 percent had asked about intravenous drug use, and 47 percent had asked about the number of prior sexual partners.
For 34 percent of those surveyed, the length of the sexual relationship with their latest partner was 1 month or less, and 18 percent estimated that this partner had had 11 or more prior sexual partners.
STD clinic participants characterized intercourse without a condom as safer sex more often than student health service enrollees (76 percent versus 39 percent, P<0.001).
The concept of safer sex is often misunderstood by persons engaging in behavior at risk for HIV transmission, and the level of misunderstanding differs among samples.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hétérosexualité, Programme sanitaire, Education sanitaire, SIDA, Homme, Comportement sexuel, Condom, Utilisation, Evaluation, Compréhension, Prévention, Etats Unis, Virose, Infection, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Heterosexuality, Sanitary program, Health education, AIDS, Human, Sexual behavior, Condom, Use, Evaluation, Comprehension, Prevention, United States, Viral disease, Infection, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0020618
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 01/03/1996.