Multidimensional causal model of dental caries development in low-income preschool children.
DESPITE THE DECLINE in the incidence of dental caries in the United States over the past several years, the condition remains a significant problem for the nation's poor children.
Efforts to identify the factors responsible for caries development in samples of children of low socioeconomic status have primarily focused on a limited number of variables, and those have been predominantly biological (mutans streptococci, for example).
Resulting models of caries development have usually shown good sensitivity but poor specificity.
They have had limited implications for treatment.
In an effort to produce a comprehensive model of caries development, 184 low-income preschool children were clinically assessed for mutans streptococci and for decayed, missing, or filled surfaces of deciduous teeth twice, first at age 4 years and again a year later (year I assessment).
As the clinical assessments were being done, caretakers were being interviewed to obtain data from five domains : demographics, social status, dental health behaviors, cognitive factors such as self-efficacy (self-confidence) and controllability, and perceived life stress.
Results confirmed earlier work that suggested that caries development at a 1-year followup was strongly dependent on earlier caries development.
Early caries development in this sample was determined in part by mutans levels and by dental health behaviors.
These behaviors themselves were accounted for partly by a cognitive factor.
Mots-clés Pascal : Carie dentaire, Enfant, Homme, Age préscolaire, Pauvreté, Epidémiologie, Statut socioéconomique, Modèle, Comportement, Cognition, Démographie, Connecticut, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Stomatologie, Dent pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Dental carie, Child, Human, Preschool age, Poverty, Epidemiology, Socioeconomic status, Models, Behavior, Cognition, Demography, Connecticut, United States, North America, America, Stomatology, Dental disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0020493
Code Inist : 002B10C02. Création : 01/03/1996.