Australia has a rural doctor shortage.
Proposed solutions have included both increasing the medical student admissions from rural areas and modifying the curriculum content of rural medicine.
To examine the differences between doctors who chose to practise in rural areas and those who chose urban areas after graduation from the University of Newcastle medical school.
A cross-sectional survey of 331 graduates who had completed at least their intern year was undertaken in 1990, using a mailed self-report questionnaire.
A 75% response rate was achieved from those completing their degree before 1987 (N=217).
Twenty-two per cent ofrespondents were employed in a rural area and the great majority of these doctors were in general practice.
Those from earlier graduating years, those from rural backgrounds (relative risk [RR] 2.5,95% confidence interval [CI] : 1.4-4.4), and those who chose an undergraduate rural general practice attachment in their final year (RR=3.0,95% CI : 1.3-7.3) were more likely to become rural doctors.
Our data suggest that the rural doctor shortage would be improved by medical school admission policies favouring students from rural areas, and by encouraging rural placements towards the end of undergraduate training.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pénurie, Médecin généraliste, Zone rurale, Politique, Admissibilité, Homme, Australie, Amélioration, Océanie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Shortage, General practitioner, Rural area, Policy, Admissibility, Human, Australia, Improvement, Oceania
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0010530
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 01/03/1996.