This article reviews existing certification schemes for occupational hygienists in five countries.
Comparison showed a fair agreement among the qualifications for the designation of professional occupational hygienist :
these include an academic degree in natural sciences, medicine, or engineering ;
five years of experience in the comprehensive practice of occupational hygiene ;
and successful passing of examinations.
Certification schemes in Canada, ltaly, the United Kingdom, and the United States do not require a degree with a strong occupational hygiene component, since knowledge and expertise may be acquired by virtue of special studies or training.
The requirements for professional competence are ensured by examinations.
However, in these countries professional occupational hygienists usually acquire their academic qualification by undergraduate training in basic or applied sciences, followed by postgraduate training at the master's level in occupational hygiene or a cognate field.
On the other hand, in The Netherlands a sufficient amount of education in occupational hygiene during the master's degree curriculum is required, currently set at about 66 weeks covering courses, a term of probation, and a research project.
Additional examinations are not included in this scheme.
To further the development of occupational hygiene throughout the world, international cooperation on certification should create the foundation of a recognized and visible profession.
Mots-clés Pascal : Qualification professionnelle, Formation professionnelle, Expert, Personnel, Médecine travail, Hygiène travail, Etude comparative, Etats Unis, Canada, Royaume Uni, Pays Bas, Italie, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Professional qualification, Occupational training, Expert, Personnel, Occupational medicine, Occupational hygiene, Comparative study, United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Italy, Human, North America, America, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0007423
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 01/03/1996.