The study examined the association between the anthropometric measurements body mass index (BMI), waist/hip ratio (WHR), and waist/thigh ratio (WTR) and cardiovascular risk factors, and assessed whether a combination of BMI and WHR could be used in routine screening of risk for cardiovascular arteriosclerotic disease at worksites.
The data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey designed to assess the nutritional situation, with special reference to cardiovascular risk factors.
The study population comprised 372 healthy men working on platforms in the North Sea.
Serum cholesterol, triglyceride, fibrinogen, and blood pressure were positively related to the anthropometric variables, while high-density lipoprotein (HDL) was inversely related with them.
The relations remained after adjusting for possible confounders, such as age, smoking, physical activity, and an indicator of dietary fat intake.
In stepwise multiple linear regression models, BMI, WHR, and WTR were positively related to serum cholesterol, triglycerides, fibrinogen, diastolic blood pressure, and systolic blood pressure, and inversely related to HDL.
When controlling for the anthropometric variables WHR and WTR, BMI was not independently related to fibrinogen and risk score.
WHR and WTR were not independently related to systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and WTR was in addition not related to triglycerides when controlling for BMI.
Mots-clés Pascal : Plateforme forage, Dépistage, Lieu travail, Cardiopathie coronaire, Anthropométrie, Biométrie corporelle, Facteur risque, Homme, Médecine travail, Norvège, Europe, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Offshore drilling platform, Medical screening, Work place, Coronary heart disease, Anthropometry, Corporal biometry, Risk factor, Human, Occupational medicine, Norway, Europe, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0592608
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 01/03/1996.