Cigarette smoking in China : prevalence, characteristics, and attitudes in Minhang District.
- To determine the prevalence, pattern, and financial implications of cigarette smoking and the attitudes toward and knowledge of the health effects of tobacco use in a population in China.
- A two-stage, stratified cluster survey using door-to-door interviews.
- Minhang District, China (near Shanghai), with a population of 506 000.
- A total of 3423 males and 3593 females aged 15 years and older.
Main Outcome Measures
- Smoking prevalence, age of initiation of smoking, reasons for smoking, knowledge of tobacco hazards, and costs of smoking.
- A total of 2279 males (67%) but only 72 females (2%) smoke.
Many males initiate smoking in adulthood.
A total of 1156 males (50.7%) began smoking between 20 and 24 years of age, and 666 (29.2%) began between 25 and 39 years of age.
Among all respondents, 6202 (88.4%) believe smoking is harmful for both the smoker and those exposed passively to the smoke.
Only 332 (14.1%) of all male smokers reported a desire to quit smoking.
Current smokers spent an average of 3.65 yuan daily on cigarettes or 1332 yuan yearly (8.5 yuan per US dollar), which represents 60% of personal income and 17% of household income.
- The survey reveals a dangerous health situation that in all likelihood will worsen.
More than two thirds of men smoke, and people in successive age cohorts start smoking at earlier ages.
Smokers spend a substantial proportion of their income on cigarettes.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Prévalence, Economie santé, Population, Attitude, Homme, Chine, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Prevalence, Health economy, Population, Attitude, Human, China, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0591779
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.