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  1. Cigarette smoking in China : prevalence, characteristics, and attitudes in Minhang District.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    - To determine the prevalence, pattern, and financial implications of cigarette smoking and the attitudes toward and knowledge of the health effects of tobacco use in a population in China.

    Design

    - A two-stage, stratified cluster survey using door-to-door interviews.

    Setting

    - Minhang District, China (near Shanghai), with a population of 506 000.

    Participants

    - A total of 3423 males and 3593 females aged 15 years and older.

    Main Outcome Measures

    - Smoking prevalence, age of initiation of smoking, reasons for smoking, knowledge of tobacco hazards, and costs of smoking.

    Results

    - A total of 2279 males (67%) but only 72 females (2%) smoke.

    Many males initiate smoking in adulthood.

    A total of 1156 males (50.7%) began smoking between 20 and 24 years of age, and 666 (29.2%) began between 25 and 39 years of age.

    Among all respondents, 6202 (88.4%) believe smoking is harmful for both the smoker and those exposed passively to the smoke.

    Only 332 (14.1%) of all male smokers reported a desire to quit smoking.

    Current smokers spent an average of 3.65 yuan daily on cigarettes or 1332 yuan yearly (8.5 yuan per US dollar), which represents 60% of personal income and 17% of household income.

    Conclusions

    - The survey reveals a dangerous health situation that in all likelihood will worsen.

    More than two thirds of men smoke, and people in successive age cohorts start smoking at earlier ages.

    Smokers spend a substantial proportion of their income on cigarettes.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Prévalence, Economie santé, Population, Attitude, Homme, Chine, Asie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Prevalence, Health economy, Population, Attitude, Human, China, Asia

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0591779

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.