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  1. Collection and transfusion of blood and blood components in the United States, 1992.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    Studies were conducted to measure the state of the United States'national blood resource in 1992 and changes therein from 1989.

    Study Design and Methods 

    With data supplied by the American Red Cross and the American Association of Blood Banks, as well as data from a stratified random-sample survey of 3350 non-American Association of Blood Banks hospitals, statistical methods were applied to estimate national blood activities in 1992.

    Results 

    The total US blood supply in 1992 was 13,794,000 units, a decrease of 3.1 percent from 1989.

    Some 11,307,000 red cell units were transfused to 3,772,000 patients, an average of 3.0 units per transfused patient.

    Preoperative autologous blood deposits totaled 1,117,000 units, a 70-percent increase over 1989.

    Of this number, 566,000 units (50.7%) were transfused, 5,000 (4.4%) transferred to the allogeneic supply, and 546,000 (48.9%) discarded.

    Of 436,000 directed-donation units, 136,000 (31.2%) were transfused, 57,000 (13.1%) transferred to allogeneic supply, and 243,000 (55.7%) discarded.

    The total allogeneic blood supply, including imports, decreased by 7.4 percent from 1989, and allogeneic blood transfusions, including those to children, decreased by 8.6 percent.

    Over 8,300,000 platelet units were transfused ; of these, some 3,600,000 were apheresis platelets.

    Conclusion 

    While the US blood supply was adequate for transfusion needs in 1992 blood collections and red cell transfusions had decreased substantially since 1989.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Transfusion, Collecte, Sang, Constituant sang, Banque sang, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Evolution, Etat actuel, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Transfusion, Collect, Blood, Blood product, Blood bank, United States, North America, America, Evolution, State of the art, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0591749

    Code Inist : 002B27D01. Création : 01/03/1996.