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  1. The epidemic of gang-related homicides in Los Angeles County from 1979 through 1994.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    - To determine trends in gang homicides and the population at greatest risk for homicide by reviewing all gang-related homicides in Los Angeles County, California, from January 1979 to December 1994.

    Design

    - Homicide files of the Los Angeles Police Department and the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department from 1979 to 1994 involving violent street gang activity were reviewed.

    Gang files were reviewed for demographic data, weapons used, homicides by drive-by shootings, and times and geographic areas of occurrence.

    Results

    - A total of 7288 gang-related homicides occurred in Los Angeles County from 1979 through 1994 ; 5541 of these homicides occurred in Los Angeles Police Department and Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department jurisdictions.

    During the study period, the proportion of all homicides that were gang related increased from 18.1% to 43.0% (P<. 001).

    Of the 5541 gang-related homicide victims, 4580 (85.6%) were aged 15 to 34 years, 93.3% were African American or Hispanic, 5157 (93.2%) were male, 3559 (64.2%) were gang members, and 1408 (25.4%) occurred during drive-by shootings.

    Conclusions

    - Gang-related homicides in Los Angeles County have reached epidemic proportions and are a major public health problem.

    To prevent gang violence, the root causes of violent street gang formation must be alleviated, the cycle of violent street gang.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Meurtre, Association, Violence, Etats Unis, Epidémiologie, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Murder, Association, Violence, United States, Epidemiology, Human, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0580592

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.