Trends in incidence and mortality for basal cell carcinomas (BCC), squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) for the period 1976-92 were analysed using data from the Cancer Registry of the Swiss Canton of Vaud.
Among the 12473 cases registered, 63% were basal cell carcinomas, 25% squamous cell cancers, 9% cutaneous malignant melanomas and 3% other miscellaneous histological types.
Age-standardised incidence rates increased substantially for all histological types considered, from 44% increase for BCC in males to a more than 3-fold increase for SCC in females, with only signs of a levelling off in 1991-92, following a peak of incidence rates in 1986-90.
From 1976-80 to 1991-92 CMM incidence increased by approximately 80% in both sexes.
In 1991-92, age-standardised (world) incidence rates per 100 000 were 69.3 for basal cell, 29.1 for squamous cell cancers and 11.5 for melanomas in males, and, respectively, 62.2,18.0 and 12.3 in females.
With respect to mortality, in males rates increased for both non-melanocytic cancer (>40%) and CMM (>53%) whereas in females CMM, BCC and SCC rates remained approximately stable over the calendar periods examined.
In 1991-92, age-standardised mortality rates per 100 000 were 2.6 for melanoma and 0.7 for other skin cancers in males, and, respectively, 1.6 and 0.2 in females.
Upward trends in incidence were also present, and relatively homogeneous across, various age groups examined.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epithélioma spinocellulaire, Epithélioma basocellulaire, Mélanome, Peau, Incidence, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Suisse, Europe, Homme, Tumeur maligne, Peau pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Squamous cell carcinoma, Basal cell carcinoma, Melanoma, Skin, Incidence, Mortality, Epidemiology, Switzerland, Europe, Human, Malignant tumor, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0578398
Code Inist : 002B08A. Création : 01/03/1996.