To determine the incidence of acute respiratory and gastrointestinal tract illness and associated absence by third-year medical students during pediatric and nonpediatric (control) clinical clerkships.
A self-administered questionnaire was completed by students after the first 4 weeks of two pediatric clerkships (inpatient and outpatient) and two nonpediatric clerkships (obstetrics-gynecology and psychiatry).
Information was obtained on the symptoms of acute respiratory and gastrointestinal tract illness and related absences.
Analysis : Results from each student's pediatric clerkship were compared with the results from the same student's control clerkship by means of matched-pair analysis.
The higher risk of illness during pediatric clerkships was not related to the order of the pediatric or control clerkship, the order of inpatient and outpatient pediatrics, or the season of the year.
Pediatric clinical clerkships in the third year of medical school were associated with excess morbidity from acute infectious illness.
Studies are needed to determine whether emphasizing infection control practices decrease this morbidity and any resulting nosocomial spread to patients.
Mots-clés Pascal : Gastroentérite, Bronchite, Infection, Appareil digestif pathologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Etudiant, Facteur risque, Incidence, Médecine, Pédiatrie, Aigu, Voie respiratoire, Homme, Exposition professionnelle, Estomac pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Gastroenteritis, Bronchitis, Infection, Digestive diseases, Respiratory disease, Student, Risk factor, Incidence, Medicine, Pediatrics, Acute, Respiratory tract, Human, Occupational exposure, Gastric disease, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0569637
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 01/03/1996.