Managing occupational HIV exposures : a Canadian study.
The findings reported in this paper are part of a larger study that explored how nurses cope with the risk of acquiring HIV infection while caring for persons with AIDS (PWAs).
The data were collected through in-depth interviews with 13 nurses who cared for PWAs in a large Western Canadian hospital.
Seven of these nurses perceived that they had been exposed to HIV-infected blood or body fluids.
This paper describes how these seven nurses coped with actual exposures to HIV-infected blood or body fluids.
Data were analyzed using the methodology of grounded theory.
Nurses'coping efforts after exposure were grouped into four categories : minimizing the effect of exposures, reducing a sense of vulnerability, selective disclosure to others, and assigning meaning.
Nurses minimized the physical effects of exposure through measures such as'bleeding'the needlestick injury and immersing the affected area in bleach solution.
Nurses reduced their sense of vulnerability by assessing the possibility of harm, avoiding situations that aroused fear, and confronting the decision for HIV testing.
Nurses limited their disclosures to co-workers to avoid rejection and to preserve professional self-esteem.
Disclosure to significant others was influenced primarily by the support nurses perceived they would receive.
Finally, nurses attempted to assign meaning to the exposure by determining why the event occurred and by evaluating the implications it has had on their lives.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infirmier, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, SIDA, Exposition professionnelle, Coping, Milieu hospitalier, Autoperception, Canada, Médecine travail, Virose, Infection, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nurse, Health staff, Human, AIDS, Occupational exposure, Coping, Hospital environment, Self perception, Canada, Occupational medicine, Viral disease, Infection, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0555968
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 01/03/1996.