The cultural production of Bioterapia : psychic healing and the natural medicine movement in Slovakia.
Despite powerful opposition, natural medicine (NM) has achieved a toe-hold in the state-run biomedical system in the Slovak Republic.
The physician-leader of the NM movement hopes to leverage his ministerial post as NM'supreme expert'and his interlocking NM clinical and research facilities to achieve a complex, unified health care system under control of medical doctors.
This health care model simultaneously reinforces biomedical hegemony and decenters classical medicine by substituting a bioenergetical paradigm.
NM includes, among other diagnostic and healing modalities, acupuncture, herbal therapies, bee therapy, reflexology, iridology.
Conceptually, « bioterapia » unifies psyche, soma and energy dimensions of the human body and situates the human organism in an extended transpersonal social, physical and cosmological environment. « Bioterapia » is a scientized and medicalized reconstruction of a folk healing tradition whose appropriation simultaneously secularized and re-sacralized this tradition by re-locating its practice from lay healers to medical doctors, from the religious domain to the venerated scientific domain, from deviant science to normal science.
The reconfiguration into bioterapia as part of the creation of an academic secular parapsychology in the former Soviet Bloc in the late 1960s, illustrates the use of the privileged discourse of science for a cultural production that seems to have both supported and subverted the regime.
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine parallèle, Médecine traditionnelle, Parapsychologie, Guérison, Bioénergie, Traitement information, Système santé, Slovaquie, Europe, Homme, Bioterapia, Guérison psychique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alternative medicine, Folk medicine, Parapsychology, Cure, Bioenergy, Information processing, Health system, Slovakia, Europe, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0555295
Code Inist : 002B26O. Création : 01/03/1996.