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  1. Sickness absence in the Whitehall II study, London : the role of social support and material problems.

    Article - En anglais

    Study objective

    To investigate the role of social supports, social networks, and chronic stressors : (i) as predictors of sickness absence ; and (ii) as potential explanations for the socioeconomic gradient in sickness absence.

    Design

    A prospective cohort study (Whitehall II study) with sociodemographic factors, health and social support measured at baseline, and spells of sickness absence measured prospectively.

    Setting

    Twenty London based non-industrial departments of the British civil service.

    Participants

    Participants were civil servants (n=10 308), aged 35-55 years at baseline, of whom 67% (6895) were men and 33% (3413) were women.

    The overall response rate for Whitehall II was 73% (74% for men and 71% for women).

    The analysis is based on 41% of the sample who had data on reasons for sickness absence and were administered all social support questions.

    Only 4.3% of participants did not complete all necessary questions and were excluded.

    Measurements and main results

    High levels of confiding/emotional support from the « closest person » predicted higher levels of both short and long spells of sickness absence.

    After adjusting for baseline physical and psychological health the effects were increased, suggesting that high levels of confiding/emotional support may encourage illness behaviour rather than generate illness.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Absentéisme, Maladie, Epidémiologie, Homme, Support social, Réseau social, Stress, Fonctionnaire, Royaume Uni, Congé maladie, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Absenteeism, Disease, Epidemiology, Human, Social support, Social network, Stress, Civil servant, United Kingdom, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0554439

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.