To examine the associations of social and biological factors with measures of obesity in children.
The study had a cross sectional design.
The analyses were based on data from two national study of health and growth cross sectional surveys.
The « representative sample » comprised 1990 data from 22 English areas and 1990-91 data from 14 Scottish areas ; the « inner city sample » comprised 1991 data from 20 English areas.
The relation between social environment and childhood overweight was studied using several indicators of obesity.
Triceps, subscapular, the sum of triceps and subscapular skinfolds, and weight for height were used as dependent variables.
The analyses were carried out in two stages.
Firstly, multiple linear regression analyses were used to assess the factors associated with dependent variables treated as continuous.
Secondly, multiple linear logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association between independent factors and overweight and fatness defined as binary variables.
Very few variables were associated with measures of overweight and fatness.
The only useful factor that was highly associated with all measures of fatness was the parents'BMI.
Strategies to prevent childhood obesity should be aimed at the total population and special emphasis should be placed on families in which one or both parents are overweight.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Epidémiologie, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Royaume Uni, Europe, Facteur risque, Aspect social, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Epidemiology, Child, Human, School age, United Kingdom, Europe, Risk factor, Social aspect, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0554438
Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 01/03/1996.