To describe the prevalence of suicide attempts and suicidal ideation in a birth cohort of New Zealand children studied to the age of 16 years ; to examine the extent to which risks of suicide attempts and suicidal ideation varied with levels of adolescent psychopathology, and exposure to adverse conditions during childhood ; and to examine the extent to which those attempting suicide could be distinguished from those reporting suicidal ideation alone.
Data were gathered on suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, psychiatric diagnoses, adjustment problems, and childhood factors during the course of a 16-year longitudinal study of a birth cohort of New Zealand children.
Twelve percent of this cohort reported suicidal ideation before the age of 16 years and 3% attempted suicide.
The extent to which young people expressed suicidal tendencies varied with the extent to which the young person met criteria for psychiatric disorder, the extent of adjustment problems, and the extent to which the young person had been exposed to adverse family circumstances.
The results of this analysis were consistent with a dimensional model of suicidal behaviors in which those attempting suicide are distinguished from those reporting suicidal ideation alone by having a greater burden of psychosocial risk factors including psychiatric disorders, and adverse childhood circumstances.
Psychiatry, 1995,34,10 : 1308-1317.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévalence, Tentative suicide, Idée suicide, Nouvelle Zélande, Océanie, Etude longitudinale, Trouble psychiatrique, Milieu familial, Facteur risque, Trouble adaptation, Adaptation sociale, Epidémiologie, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevalence, Suicide attempt, Suicide ideation, New Zealand, Oceania, Follow up study, Mental disorder, Family environment, Risk factor, Adaptation disorder, Social adjustment, Epidemiology, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0549133
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 01/03/1996.