Occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.
- To measure occupational exposures to environmental tobacco smoke in diverse settings, including offices and production areas, and to evaluate the effectiveness of policies that restrict or ban smoking in the workplace.
The average weekly concentration of environmental tobacco smoke was measured with passive monitors that sample nicotine.
Approximately 25 samplers were placed in each worksite for 1 week.
- Twenty-five Massachusetts worksites, including fire stations, newspaper publishers, textile dyeing plants, and manufacturers of valves, fiberoptics, flight instruments, batteries, adhesives, semiconductor equipment, filters, and tools and dies.
Samples were collected in offices and production areas.
Main Outcome Measures
- The distribution of nicotine concentrations in various work settings as a function of company smoking policy.
- Worksite smoking policy had a major effect on the nicotine concentrations, which fell from a median of 8.6 mug/m3 in the open offices at worksites that allowed smoking to 1.3 mug/m3 in sites that restricted smoking, and to 0.3 mug/m3 in worksites that banned smoking.
- All three evaluation methods indicated that occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke presents a substantial risk to workers in the absence of a policy restricting or banning smoking.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme passif, Facteur risque, Exposition, Environnement, Lieu travail, Epidémiologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Passive smoking, Risk factor, Exposure, Environment, Work place, Epidemiology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0541634
Code Inist : 002B30B03. Création : 01/03/1996.