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  1. Prevalence of viral markers among refugees from southern Albania : increased incidence of infection with hepatitis A, B and D viruses.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    Since 1991, thousands of refugees from southern Albania have entered north-western Greece, an area with low-to-moderate endemicity for infection with hepatitis viruses.

    We examined the prevalence of several markers of viral infection in this population in order to ascertain the likely impact of its presence on the epidemiology of hepatitis infections in north-western Greece.

    Design 

    Consecutive unselected serum samples were obtained from refugees resident in three different reception camps.

    Setting 

    A university hospital.

    Study population 

    One thousand and twenty-five refugees (662 males and 363 females, age range 0-81 years) and 1984 healthy controls (1293 males and 691 females, age range 0-80 years).

    Conclusions 

    We conclude that refugees from southern Albania are a new immigrant population characterized by a high incidence of infection with hepatitis A, B and D viruses.

    This finding may reflect the low socioeconomic status of the immigrant population and the poor hygienic conditions experienced by its members.

    The high incidence of HBV and HDV infections in the population from Albania will probably increase the prevalence of infection with these viruses in loannina and subsequently in the whole of the Epirus region.

    We therefore believe that rigorous adherence to general precautions and the initiation of hepatitis B vaccination programmes will be necessary in future, both in our area and in Albania.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale A, Virose, Infection, Hépatite virale B, Hépatite virale delta, Epidémiologie, Réfugié, Influence, Statut socioéconomique, Etude statistique, Homme, Albanie, Europe, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis A, Viral disease, Infection, Viral hepatitis B, Viral hepatitis delta, Epidemiology, Refugee, Influence, Socioeconomic status, Statistical study, Human, Albania, Europe, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0541254

    Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 01/03/1996.