In Sweden, human immunodeficiency virus has been almost exclusively spread in three subpopulations.
These are homosexual men (47%), intravenous drug abusers (21%), and immigrants from highly endemic areas (22%). In contrast to human immunodeficiency virus, gonorrhea and syphilis have in the past affected the general population in Sweden.
The only sexually transmitted disease that affects the general population is chlamydia.
The homosexual subpopulation in the Stockholm area has been estimated at 14,000, or 2.5% of the males.
More than 95% of the human immunodeficiency virus-infected homosexual males have been found in the 15 to 64-year-old age group.
The third sub-population with a high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals is immigrants from sub-Saharan Africa.
Through January 1995,3,958 cases of human immunodeficiency virus have been reported in Sweden.
Human immunodeficiency virus in the Stockholm area in 1994 was calculated as occurring among 6% of the homosexual men, 13% of the intravenous drug abusers, and 4% of the immigrants from sub-Saharan Africa.
The relative increases were 10%, 4%, and 43%, respectively.
The Swedish strategy against sexually transmitted diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus, has been successful regarding the spread in the general population.
The human immunodeficiency virus epidemic has remained confined.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Homme, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Epidémiologie, Suède, Europe, Article synthèse, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Sexually transmitted disease, Epidemiology, Sweden, Europe, Review, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0539307
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 01/03/1996.