How have Zambian businesses reacted to the HIV epidemic ?
Objectives-To evaluate the impact of HIV on businesses in Zambia and to assess attitudes towards HIV and HIV education in the workplace.
Methods-The personnel managers of 33 companies with a total workforce of 10204 in Lusaka and in towns in the Copperbelt were visited by two members of the study team.
Au 33 questionnaires were returned.
HIV was recognised to be a problem by 30 companies questioned.
Seven said that it had affected recruitment and 11 production. 23 companies carried out pre-employment medicals. 17 companies demanded that some or all of their employees had an HIV test before employment.
Nine companies were sure that a positive HIV test would prevent employment, 15 were unsure saying that there was no particular company policy.
Two companies had recently changed their policy and had stopped discriminating against those with HIV. 12 companies had some HIV educational material available for their employees and five had someone (or an organisation that they used) to whom they could refer employees for HIV information and advice.
Conclusions-HIV is having an important impact in the workplace in urban Zambia.
Although many companies insist on pre-employment medicals, often including HIV testing, few have developed policies relating to test results.
Some companies have instituted HIV education but there is a demand for this service to be available more widely.
Mots-clés Pascal : Entreprise nationale, Zambie, Attitude, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lieu travail, Perception, Questionnaire, Milieu urbain, Education sanitaire, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Homme, Afrique, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : National corporation, Zambia, Attitude, Human immunodeficiency virus, Work place, Perception, Questionnaire, Urban environment, Health education, Epidemiology, Mortality, Human, Africa, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0524650
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.