To determine if (1) there was an increase in the rates of acts ofviolence in the United States from 1973 to 1992 and (2) there were disproportionate changes in rates of violent crime among specific demographic groups.
Crime data from the Uniform Crime Reporting Program and the National Crime Victimization Survey beginning in January 1973 and ending in December 1992 were examined.
Homicide data from 1970 to 1991 were examined with the National Center for Health Statistics mortality data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Analyses were performed for overall crime rates as well as for specific demographic groups.
Rates of victimization from all types of violent crime have increased among adolescents and young adults (from ages 10 through 25 years), regardless of gender or race.
Absolute rates were highest among African Americans and males.
Adolescents are now experiencing the highest and most rapidly increasing rates of lethal and non-lethal violence.
The increase in violence among youths 10 to 14 years of age is especially important and alarming.
The concentration of violence among children and adolescents has important intervention implications.
Because adolescence is a time of great developmental changes, approaches to understanding and preventing violence among our nation's youths should incorporate a developmental perspective that also focuses on the relationship.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Enfant, Etats Unis, Adolescent, Etude statistique, Criminalité, Violence, Victimologie, Meurtre, Race, Critère âge, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Child, United States, Adolescent, Statistical study, Criminality, Violence, Victimology, Murder, Race, Age criterion, Human, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0520131
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 01/03/1996.