Ethnic differences in contraceptive use in Kuwait : a clinic-based study.
The Arab, Muslim, oil-rich nation of Kuwait has achieved unusually high levels of knowledge and use of contraception for a developing, high fertility country.
Almost all women know of contraceptive pills without prompting, and 57-86% report having ever used a method (usually the oral pill or IUD) in recent studies.
Based on a survey of six randomly selected clinics the present study compares the knowledge and use levels of two major ethnic groups-the Beduins and non-Beduins.
It also analyses preference for various contraceptive methods and probable reasons for this.
While Census or Survey data do not provide information about the size of ethnic groups analyzed in this paper, it is estimated that at least one-third of the population of Kuwait is Beduin.
There is a significant difference between the levels of knowledge and use of contraception between the Beduin and non-Beduin women.
However, among the Beduins, the usually expected differences by socioeconomic characteristics still persist.
The oral pill is the best known and most commonly used method.
Male sterilization is the least known and not practiced at all.
Despite the high level of contraceptive use, the total fertility rate is still around 6 per woman.
Some of the sociocultural reasons for the lack of a fertility impact are the use of contraceptive methods for spacing rather than limitation purposes.
Mots-clés Pascal : Contraception, Contraceptif, Utilisation, Contrôle naissance, Epidémiologie, Ethnie, Homme, Koweit, Asie, Connaissance, Préférence, Statut socioéconomique, Bédouin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Contraception, Contraceptive, Use, Birth control, Epidemiology, Ethnic group, Human, Kuwait, Asia, Knowledge, Preference, Socioeconomic status
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0518981
Code Inist : 002B20A02. Création : 01/03/1996.