Stethoscopes : a potential vector of infection ?
American college of emergency physicians ACEP research. Forum. San Francisco USA, 1995/02.
To survey emergency care providers about their stethoscope-cleaning measures and to determine the correlation between these measures and the extent of Staphylococcus carriage.
Prospective cross-sectional analysis.
University-affiliated community hospital ED.
One hundred fifty health care providers, comprising emergency medicine house staff and attending physicians (n=50), ED nurses (n=50), and prehospital personnel working in Kent County, Michigan (n=50).
Providers were asked how often they cleaned their stethoscopes and which cleaning agents were used.
We then cultured each stethoscope by pressing the diaphragm on mannitol agar and incubating the culture aerobically for 48 hours.
Staphylococcus aureus was identified by means of standard measures.
We examined the effects of different cleaning agents on 24 stethoscopes.
The numbers of colony-forming units (CFUs) before and after cleaning with alcohol, nonionic detergent, and antiseptic soap were noted.
Our results confirm that stethoscopes used in emergency practice are often contaminated with staphylococci and are therefore a potential.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Staphylococcus, Stéthoscope, Equipement biomédical, Transmission homme homme, Mode transmission, Pratique professionnelle, Hygiène, Service hospitalier, Urgence, Corrélation, Homme, Infection nosocomiale, Micrococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bactérie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Staphylococcus, Stethoscope, Biomedical equipment, Transmission from man to man, Transmission mode, Professional practice, Hygiene, Hospital ward, Emergency, Correlation, Human, Infection nosocomiale, Micrococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bacteria
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0518253
Code Inist : 002B30A04A. Création : 01/03/1996.