Delayed recognition and infection control for tuberculosis patients in the emergency department.
Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. Annual meeting. San Francisco USA, 1993/05.
The recent increase in tuberculosis (TB) cases may have an important effect on emergency department infection-control measures.
We describe infection-control interventions for TB patients admitted through the ED and hypothesize that ED suspicion of TB is associated with more rapid isolation and treatment.
Retrospective chart review.
The ED of a 400-bed urban, university-affiliated county hospital.
Fifty-five patients with TB culture-positive and acid-fast bacillus stain-positive respiratory specimens who were evaluated in the ED during 1991 and 1992.
We identified cases from the mycobacteriology log.
Demographic and historical data and time elapsed before initiation of infection-control measures and TB therapy were recorded.
We assessed the relationships of individual clinical findings and the ED presumptive diagnosis of TB (predictor variables) to time elapsed before isolation and therapy (outcome variables) with the log-rank test.
The median time (interquartile range) from ED registration to isolation was 8 hours (range, 3 to 13 hours).
Among patients with active pulmonary TB in the ED, TB is often unsuspected and isolation measures are often not used.
ED suspicion of TB is associated with more rapid isolation and treatment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tuberculose, Service hospitalier, Urgence, Transmission homme homme, Etats Unis, Diagnostic, Précoce, Politique sanitaire, Homme, Infection Nosocomiale, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tuberculosis, Hospital ward, Emergency, Transmission from man to man, United States, Diagnosis, Early, Health policy, Human, Nosocomial Infection, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, North America, America
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Cote : 95-0518252
Code Inist : 002B30A04A. Création : 01/03/1996.