The use of video display terminals (VDT) in the workplace is growing rapidly.
Visual problems associated with computer use are increasing apace.
Recognizing and addressing these needs are vital tasks for the optometric practitioner.
This paper examines the demographics, prevalence of symptoms, and other work-and vision-related factors among VDT workers.
Understanding the characteristics of a typical patient can aid in developing effective treatment protocols.
Methods Twenty-two optometrists collected data from 324 patients who work on VOT screens for a minimum of 2 hours per day.
A questionnaire was used to collect the data.
Along with reporting the patients'dry manifest refraction results, the survey instrument also included a self-report of experienced symptoms.
Results The prototypical patient, based on the total subject population, is a 38-year old, mildly myopic female who uses the computer screen about 5 hours per day.
Average total VDT work experience is about 5 years.
Most of the patients use full-color screens and sit between 21 and 22 inches away from the screen.
A variety of visual symptoms is reported, with eyestrain (65 percent) and headaches (42 percent) being the most common complaints.
Conclusions Between 75 percent (results of this study) and 88 percent (reported by NIOSH) of patients who use a VDT regularly are likely to be symptomatic.
This study has helped to identify the « typical » VDT user and the symptoms this user is most likely to report.
Mots-clés Pascal : Oeil pathologie, Ordinateur, Médecine travail, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Eye disease, Computer, Occupational medicine, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0518173
Code Inist : 002B09N. Création : 01/03/1996.