Stroke epidemiology in Novosibirsk, Russia : a population-based study.
To determine first-ever stroke incidence, 30-day case-fatality rates, and frequency of various risk factors among patients with stroke in Novosibirsk, Russia, during 1992..
A population-based study of an administratively defined district of Novosibirsk was conducted to identify residents with a first-ever stroke that occurred between Jan. 1,1992, and Dec. 31,1992..
Material and Methods
For case ascertainment, mortality statistics, death certificates, hospital registrations, outpatient clinical data, and all ambulance calls for the study area were reviewed.
Patients with stroke or suspected stroke were examined and interviewed by a cerebrovascular neurologist, and the type of stroke was determined..
During the 12-month study period, 366 patients with first-ever stroke were registered.
A diagnosis of cerebral infarction or intracerebral hemorrhage was confirmed by computed tomography or autopsy in 42% of cases.
The diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage was established by cerebrospinal fluid examination in all 14 cases.
The age-and sex-adjusted annual incidence rate for stroke was 232 per 100,000.
The incidence rate of first-ever stroke in Novosibirsk, Russia, is one of the highest in the world, but the 30-day case-fatality rates are similar to those in other populations.
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Système nerveux pathologie, Cérébrovasculaire pathologie, Epidémiologie, Homme, Accident cérébrovasculaire, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Russie, Eurasie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Nervous system diseases, Cerebrovascular disease, Epidemiology, Human, Stroke, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Russia, Eurasia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0516394
Code Inist : 002B17C. Création : 01/03/1996.