During the decade and a half after Alma Ata hundreds of projects were started in developing countries to implement the principles of PHC and start community based health care programs in the rural areas of developing countries.
Until the past five years urban health was not seen as a special health problem.
Population pressure in the rural areas has created shortages of land, food and employment opportunities.
These forces have generated major population movements to the urban centres.
The population movements have encouraged unprecedented expansion of urban centres.
This sudden concentration of large populations in small geographical areas has resulted in the urban health crises of the developing world.
The poor who live in the slum areas have no access to adequate health services, they experience frequent epidemics of communicable diseases like cholera, they live within a heavily polluted environment, and their children have very poor health because they are not immunized and are malnourished.
The paper agrees with approaches which have been championed by development agencies to address the urban health crises.
These approaches propose the reorientation of urban health systems to include adoption of PHC for urban health programs, intersectoral collaboration and extra budgetary support.
The paper argues for further strengthening of the reorientation approach by adjusting the development planning model.
Mots-clés Pascal : Urbanisation, Milieu urbain, Santé, Soin santé primaire, Planification, Allocation ressource, Pays en développement, Afrique subsaharienne, Homme, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Urbanization, Urban environment, Health, Primary health care, Planning, Resource allocation, Developing countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, Human, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0508155
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 01/03/1996.