Objectives-To develop and teach a school sex education programme that will lead to a decrease in sexual activity.
Design-A matched internal and external control experiment, comparing control populations which received their own sex education programmes with populations which received a novel sex education intervention that included medical and peer led teaching.
Setting-Comprehensive secondary schools ; control and intervention populations within Devon, and distant controls from rural, semiurban, and urban areas of England excluding major conurbations.
Subjects-Schoolchildren were taught from age 12 to 16 ; three successive cohorts of students were evaluated in school year 11 (mean age 16.0).
In the intervention population, progressive increase in knowledge related to contraception, sexually transmitted diseases, and prevalence of sexual activity ; relative increase between intervention and control populations in knowledge, relative decrease in attitudes suggesting that sexual intercourse is of itself beneficial to teenagers and their relationships, relative decrease in sexual activity, and relative increase in approval of their « sex education » ; odds ratio (control v programme) for sexual activity of 1.45, controlling for sociodemographic variables.
Conclusion-School sex education that includes specific targeted methods with the direct use of medical staff and peers can produce behavioural changes that lead to health benefit.
Mots-clés Pascal : Homme, Enfant, Adolescent, Education, Sexualité, Ecole, Programme éducatif, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human, Child, Adolescent, Education, Sexuality, School, Educational schedule, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0504817
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 01/03/1996.